Link: Winter Lab
Address: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
ATT: Klaus Winter
9100 PANAMA CITY PL
Washington DC 20521-9100
Telephone: +507 212.8131
FAX: +507 212.8148
Ecophysiology of Tropical Plants
Responses of tropical plant species to pre-industrial, current-ambient and elevated concentrations of atmospheric CO2. Experiments compare responses of legumes and non-legumes, lianas and trees, angiosperms and gymnosperms, and investigate interactions between [CO2] and soil nutrient status, soil water status and temperature.
Adaptation and acclimation of tropical plants to high temperatures.
Inhibition of photosynthesis by excess light (photoinhibition), protective mechanisms against excess light (photoprotection).
Functional significance and evolutionary origins of CAM photosynthesis in tropical species of Orchidaceae, Bromeliaceae and Clusiaceae.
Education and Degrees
Dr.rer.nat., Darmstadt, 1975
Habil., Würzburg, 1983
Cernusak LA, Winter K, Martínez C, Correa E, Aranda J, Garcia M, Jaramillo C, Turner BL (2011) Responses of legume versus nonlegume tropical tree seedlings to elevated CO2 concentration. Plant Physiology 157: 372-385
Winter K, Garcia M, Holtum JAM (2011) Drought-stress-induced up-regulation of CAM in seedlings of a tropical cactus, Opuntia elatior, operating predominantly in the C3 mode. Journal of Experimental Botany 62: 4037-4042
Holtum JAM, Winter K (2010) Elevated [CO2] and forest vegetation: more a water issue than a carbon issue? Functional Plant Biology 37: 694-702
Winter K, Garcia M, Holtum JAM (2008) On the nature of facultative and constitutive. CAM: environmental and developmental control of CAM expression during early growth of Clusia, Kalanchoe, and Opuntia. Journal of Experimental Botany 59: 1829-1840
Winter K, Holtum JAM (2007) Environment or development? Lifetime net CO2 exchange and control of the expression of crassulacean acid metabolism in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. Plant Physiology 143: 98-107
Crayn DM, Winter K, Smith JAC (2004) Multiple origins of crassulacean acid metabolism and the epiphylic habit in the Neotropical family Bromeliaceae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101: 3703-3708
Winter K, Holtum JAM (2002) How closely do the δ13C values of CAM plants reflect the proportion of CO2 fixed during day and night? Plant Physiology 129: 1843-1851
Winter K, Garcia M, Gottsberger R, Popp M (2001) Marked growth response of communities of two tropical tree species to elevated CO2 when soil nutrient limitation is removed. Flora 196: 47-58
Krause GH, Schmude C, Garden H, Koroleva OY, Winter K (1999) Effects of solar ultraviolet radiation on the potential efficiency of photosystem II in leaves of tropical plants. Plant Physiology 121: 1349-1358
Skillman JB, Winter K (1997) High photosynthetic capacity in a shade-tolerant crassulacean acid metabolism plant. Implications for sunfleck use, nonphotochemical energy dissipation, and susceptibility to photoinhibition. Plant Physiology 113: 441-450
Winter K, Smith JAC (eds) (1996) Crassulacean acid metabolism. Biochemistry, ecophysiology and evolution. Ecological Studies Vol 114. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg