Ecological Archives A/E/M000-000-A#

S. Joseph Wright, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Osvaldo Calderón and Andrés Hernandéz. Year. Annual and spatial variation in seedfall and seedling recruitment in a Neotropical forest. Ecology VOL: pp-pp.

Appendix 1. Lifeforms (L=liana, T=tree, S=shrub), annual seedfall (number of seeds in traps), and CVtraps for 108 species from Barro Colorado Island, Panama.  Seeds and fruits were collected each week from 200 0.5-m2 traps (see Methods: Seed and recruit censuses).  Seedfall equals the number of seeds captured plus the number of fruits captured multiplied by the species-specific mean number of seeds per fruit, which makes non-integer values possible.  CVtraps is defined in Methods: Spatiotemporal variation in seedfall.  Column headings refer to the year of the flowering event that produced the seedling recruits (explained in Wright et al. 1999).

Genus species CVtraps Life
form
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Acacia hayesii 0.96 L 0 1 4 6 20 0 35 3 7 10 33 1 41 27 42
Aegiphila cephalophora 0.91 L 131 13 8 81 28 26 47 22 32 12 9 6 34 24 0
Alchornea costaricensis 0.76 T 1377 1266 1719 1838 1362 1174 537 1753 1852 2590 1748 1024 580 2031 680
Alseis blackiana 0.92 T * * * 17265 89 26349 3 10849 1127 0 24650 1365 232 18961 5687
Amphilophium paniculatum 0.45 L 12 74 30 23 32 18 5 22 23 30 58 33 45 27 50
Anacardium excelsum 0.34 T 37 42 51 48 93 84 44 19 40 17 20 1 65 19 20
Annona spraguei 0.48 T 311 622 507 98 219 1290 585 285 970 104 29 45 707 1030 60
Anthodon panamense 0.70 L 0 3 18 79 32 27 1 36 33 4 16 11 0 6 11
Apeiba aspera 0.25 T 2311 2402 2636 4848 4533 1096 3254 2847 1958 2393 923 751 1406 3290 1582
Arrabidaea candicans 1.50 L 2 0 1 1 0 39 0 9 3 0 35 36 6 2 145
Arrabidaea chica 1.31 L 0 0 8 3 0 14 8 13 0 12 36 62 0 0 1
Arrabidaea verrucosa 1.54 L 0 58 10 1 1 0 9 4 1 2 148 1 0 0 60
Astronium graveolens 2.29 T 10 0 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 72 0 18 0 0
Beilschmiedia pendula 0.67 T 33 99 2 49 109 0 33 234 3 93 3 69 119 213 8
Brosimum alicastrum 0.31 T 1089 253 1021 328 1152 70 295 639 436 159 1406 378 145 387 696
Callichlamys latifolia 0.70 L 1 4 5 4 9 4 10 12 7 9 7 6 2 15 17
Casearia arborea 0.47 T 2318 729 5442 2464 3516 1056 1187 308 113 379 170 691 412 1017 508
Celtis iguanaeus 0.93 L 0 2 0 91 7 30 1 38 22 1 29 52 0 45 32
Ceratophytum tetragonolobum 1.28 L 1 0 46 14 3 3 0 1 0 0 11 5 10 2 1
Chrysophyllum cainito 0.91 T 126 143 4 91 323 214 0 105 43 3 114 24 3 166 21
Cissus erosa 0.89 L 0 55 62 36 12 7 35 23 51 25 65 13 24 0 30
Coccoloba parimensis 1.26 L 5 59 41 0 40 175 0 12 2 16 43 160 0 0 65
Combretum decandrum 0.57 L 25 34 75 71 33 208 62 99 14 6 10 9 95 84 19
Cordia alliodora 0.31 T 218 242 23 140 168 298 231 228 250 238 90 138 278 103 88
Cordia bicolor 0.34 T 534 179 107 86 55 173 342 147 306 206 453 311 135 161 204
Cordia lasiocalyx 0.49 T 110 94 149 102 128 69 38 45 78 63 81 63 46 19 22
Coussarea curvigemmia 1.10 T 3 0 154 7 12 20 335 0 21 0 11 105 1 5 6
Cydista aequinoctialis 0.48 L 12 32 79 34 70 25 38 23 18 43 69 12 5 30 38
Davilla nitida 1.80 L 0 0 6 0 1 283 0 2 125 0 1 3 2 7 100
Dendropanax arboreus 0.52 T 146 309 173 675 214 659 406 81 391 325 320 135 304 125 335
Desmopsis panamensis 0.33 T 12 34 13 22 58 9 29 15 38 16 12 22 50 30 29
Dipteryx panamensis 0.40 T 43 67 5 36 19 65 7 74 16 22 85 21 45 87 22
Doliocarpus major 0.66 L 33 3 94 135 60 123 69 173 57 29 316 174 11 28 246
Doliocarpus multiflorus 1.56 L 0 0 0 3 16 37 13 0 1 29 40 46 85 784 47
Doliocarpus olivaceus 0.75 L 58 354 39 92 34 83 1 37 14 1 157 148 0 28 48
Drypetes standleyi 1.07 T 6 37 16 0 11 95 0 15 9 1 245 61 0 33 43
Eugenia coloradensis 0.99 T 4 26 4 46 0 89 0 12 0 2 55 8 1 0 23
Eugenia oerstedeana 0.69 T 79 196 10 58 34 288 271 21 9 191 5 85 27 202 19
Faramea occidentalis 0.60 T 1692 752 173 283 1244 4574 1 700 304 130 2760 13 18 1008 253
Guarea guidonia 0.92 T 64 99 1 4 49 36 0 19 5 5 118 77 1 26 265
Guatteria dumetorum 0.35 T 85 130 19 80 57 51 37 29 16 55 31 61 43 35 104
Guapira standleyana 0.73 T 92 196 12 25 20 20 1 55 2 61 21 140 0 3 122
Hampea appendiculata 0.76 T 18 22 2 18 4 14 32 29 15 12 2 9 9 6 4
Hasseltia floribunda 0.25 T 277 256 236 236 191 104 337 402 177 487 195 53 76 34 20
Heisteria concinna 0.64 T 56 1 57 31 27 46 7 44 116 9 104 7 45 3 163
Hippocratea volubilis 0.54 L 51 10 96 143 168 423 59 209 335 85 225 32 11 8 32
Hiraea reclinata 0.70 L 821 221 535 15 151 133 83 75 111 6 140 3 75 256 168
Hiraea faginea 0.92 L 30 135 496 12 6 17 4 8 2 0 63 5 5 67 63
Hiraea grandifolia 1.50 L 55 9 0 370 16 0 36 20 44 13 1 44 7 155 9
Hirtella triandra 0.57 T 11 70 18 14 11 53 11 51 10 16 84 73 9 63 109
Hybanthus prunifolius 0.44 S 1351 833 3292 1931 1518 1042 1100 1690 646 80 1423 174 217 1120 723
Inga marginata 0.87 T 3 2 2 13 5 101 2 0 58 10 43 53 66 50 59
Jacaranda copaia 0.65 T 855 12666 1738 8355 18 29689 0 18120 2213 8159 14978 73 15150 1367 183
Lonchocarpus latifolius 2.53 T 0 0 16 0 0 116 0 0 16 0 4 0 0 2 0
Luehea seemannii 0.26 T 14471 16199 8965 9442 5360 17879 10860 12595 761 30757 3526 8560 8249 7576 7120
Macfadyena unguis-cati 0.91 L 35 8 28 63 69 161 12 87 8 12 245 4 1 27 8
Maripa panamensis 0.34 L 16.2 99.6 50.4 42.8 35.4 88 28 37.6 52.8 43.6 39 34.2 72.4 59.4 55.6
Mascagnia hippocrateoides 0.78 L 0 334 61 19 123 14 319 72 42 3 258 9 9 356 67
Mascagnia nervosa 0.30 L 2210 2539 2105 2206 3386 4669 237 1196 913 3481 2307 2798 2925 944 2355
Mendoncia gracilis 0.48 L 20 15 10 33 45 45 68 65 101 89 37 10 28 35 17
Mendoncia litoralis 1.42 L 25 1 0 0 1 0 0 4 2 16 45 12 5 14 4
Mouriri myrtilloides 0.41 S 38 46 78 26 8 9 46 37 69 65 79 23 23 9 94
Oenocarpus mapora 0.29 T 80 69 93 37 41 32 103 39 178 84 79 61 67 204 37
Paragonia pyramidata 0.52 L 24 19 33 4 71 166 87 52 80 96 69 18 29 55 44
Paullinia baileyi 1.41 L 0 0 25 38 13 0 14 0 2 3 0 0 1 1 5
Paullinia fuscescens 0.47 L 22 122 152 158 60 97 5 10 10 25 33 38 17 10 2
Paullinia fibrigera 0.99 L 0 87 5 6 15 0 0 8 4 33 8 22 55 23 57
Paullinia rugosa 0.55 L 6 102 14 51 13 35 27 4 33 18 18 7 9 8 2
Paullinia turbacensis 0.69 L 44 4 13 26 6 3 7 12 5 3 14 8 3 4 3
Phryganocydia corymbosa 0.92 L 69 4 31.2 6 12 12 2 12 1 0 43 2 34 21 5
Pithecoctenium crucigerum 0.84 L 37 70 13 183 50 73 2 26 15 0 149 1 28 128 66
Platypodium elegans 0.87 T 57 0 0 60 0 34 85 167 2 1 32 61 7 10 51
Platymiscium pinnatum 1.22 T 2 4 0 8 7 69 6 13 1 6 173 6 2 11 75
Poulsenia armata 0.69 T 47 0 18.2 2 40 1 12 10 38 16 56 21 4 56 27
Pouteria reticulata 0.94 T 40 21 4 5 30 43 0 50 27 0 123 12 0 5 129
Prionostemma aspera 0.64 L 15 1 11 35 15 67 33 9 42 20 13 61 11 5 27
Prioria copaifera 0.44 T 11 20 24 9 4 11 1 28 13 23 15 32 39 19 10
Protium tenuifolium 0.78 T 32 177 19 39 34 87 1 59 23 1 53 13 47 28 25
Psychotria furcata 1.01 S 5 9 9 35 6 2 13 1 0 1 1 10 8 3 1
Psychotria horizontalis 0.47 S 119 288 213 451 160 205 192 177 129 39 51 49 128 73 128
Quararibea asterolepis 0.47 T 457 726 1290 422 3348 1705 310 1838 252 4341 78 2892 493 1921 1741
Randia armata 0.52 T 761 282 120 120 236 435 146 120 441 28 228 85 328 1332 80
Rinorea sylvatica 1.20 S 0 23 0 63 19 42 3 0 0 6 6 2 0 1 4
Sapium aucuparium 0.87 T 22 0 16 13 62 0 23 10 11 27 2 17 7 6 0
Schefflera morototoni 0.69 T 1 0 38 108 100 29 71 35 14 70 85 61 45 4 2
Serjania circumvallata 0.34 L 103 223 118 125 85 315 149 185 152 114 459 498 322 291 325
Serjania mexicana 0.36 L 676 471 355 389 630 1581 528 723 719 282 586 551 113 434 545
Simarouba amara 0.72 T 62 25 51 50 1 131 13 143 68 181 44 29 143 7 59
Sorocea affinis 0.68 S 5 42 150 10 50 94 46 69 7 14 26 0 0 51 72
Spondias mombin 0.53 T 3 2 13 5 2 4 16 26 5 32 23 36 30 70 82
Spondias radlkoferi 0.33 T 7 72 35 38 16 32 19 8 8 61 15 19 48 26 9
Tabernaemontana arborea 0.65 T 5 43 51 4 18 12 246 78 96 69 37 25 195 246 145
Tabebuia guayacan 0.79 T 62 0 74 1 7 32 614 66 656 0 455 504 23 87 27
Tabebuia rosea 0.35 T 248 321 342 136 260 138 95 100 169 238 182 219 106 243 237
Terminalia amazonica 0.18 T 276 271 246 417 821 1991 260 840 369 1264 742 692 648 1401 754
Terminalia oblonga 0.43 T 28 9 57 88 77 50 5 31 19 21 17 56 61 22 28
Tetragastris panamensis 0.75 T 108 187 124 89 321 408 48 289 73 73 497 68 52 122 619
Tetrapterys discolor 0.63 L 109 8 1 25 38 62 21 26 47 56 6 41 12 26 0
Tetracera hydrophila 0.68 L 167 47 24 32 56 6 83 3 37 35 53 29 3 30 1
Thinouia myriantha 0.35 L 514 83 416 512 654 819 258 781 143 896 536 505 1385 1310 728
Trattinnickia aspera 0.42 T 38 39 28 25 27 4 15 32 6 14 36 7 7 20 29
Trichilia pallida 1.84 T 0 0 75 0 30 251 0 0 7 1 165 28 0 0 19
Trichilia tuberculata 0.35 T 2224 3805 1628 1634 2013 7437 64 2160 1010 443 7545 584 411 2332 2589
Triplaris cumingiana 0.76 T 297 388 152 417 7 106 0 295 6 26 4 33 76 1 14
Tynanthus croatianus 0.86 L 30 1027 349 1097 2235 112 588 1230 2161 119 1660 0 267 37 1163
Virola sebifera 0.35 T 68 23 118 41 111 173 125 121 107 41 41 66 21 31 83
Virola surinamensis 0.20 T 41 38 33 29 48 43 33 52 32 51 48 22 60 91 50
Zanthoxylum ekmanii 0.88 T 27 0 0 50 8 12 0 21 12 9 120 42 21 58 75

*  We first identified and counted seeds of Alseis blackiana in 1990.  This precludes using data from before 1990 for this species.